WHAT IS PETRA?
Petra is a southern Jordanian historical and archaeological city. Petra lies around Jabal Al-Madbah in a basin surrounded by mountains along the eastern flank of the Arabah valley stretching from the Dead Sea to the Aqaba Gulf. The region around Petra was populated as early as 7,000 BC, and the Nabataeans may have settled in what would become their kingdom’s capital city as early as the 4th century BC.
However, archeological research only found proof of Nabataean presence dating back to the 2nd century BC, when Petra became their capital. The Nabataeans were nomadic Arabs, who invested in the proximity of Petra to the commercial routes by establishing it as a major regional trading hub.
A FEAT TO GET THERE
Connection to the city is through a 1.2 km long gorge called the Siq, leading directly to the Khazneh. Famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit scheme, Petra is also known as the ‘Rose Town’ due to the hue of the stone it is made from. Since 1985 it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Petra has been identified by UNESCO as “one of the most precious cultural heritage resources of man” In 2007, Al-Khazneh was named as one of the World’s New7Wonders. Petra is a sign of Jordan, and the most visited tourist attraction in Jordan.
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